These infographics were developed by the Office of the Pay Equity Commissioner to promote the pay equity rights and obligations.

Pay Equity Timeline in Canada

The text version follows the image

Here is what the infographic tells you:

The Pay Equity Act came into effect on August 31, 2021.

Federally regulated employers with an average of 10 or more employees are covered and must meet various timelines.

Five major milestones sum up the process for achieving pay equity.

For each of these milestones, keep the following timelines in mind and mark these dates on your calendar:

  1. Get started...:
    The first milestone is to establish a foundation for pay equity. Employers must get started by notifying employees that the pay equity process is underway by
    November 1, 2021. They must also establish a pay equity committee if they are required, or choose to do so.
  2. Year 1 to year 3:
    The second milestone is to establish a pay equity plan. In years 1 through 3, workplaces must create a pay equity plan. Employers must post the final pay equity plan and notice of pay increases by September 3, 2024.
  3. Year 3 to year 8:
    The third milestone is to increase employee compensation. Increases in compensation must occur on
    September 4, 2024. If applicable, employers may phase in these increases between 3 to 5 years or between
    2024 and 2029. The length of the phase in period depends on the size of the employer.
  4. Year 4 and then yearly onwards:
    The fourth milestone is to file an annual statement to the Pay Equity Commissioner on year four after becoming subject to the Act and then yearly onwards. Employers are required to file their first annual statement by
    June 30, 2025.
  5. Yearly requirements:
    The fifth milestone is to update the pay equity plan. In order to update a pay equity plan, employers must collect workplace information on the last day of each fiscal year. They are also required to post the updated pay equity plan by September 4, 2029.

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What is Pay Equity

Here is what the infographic tells you:

The Pay Equity Act ensures equal pay for work of equal value. 

Text version of What is Pay Equity follows

This means that two different jobs that contribute equal value to an employer’s operations, where one job is commonly held by women and the other is commonly held by men, should be paid equally.  

Pay equity is not a privilege, it is a human right. 

There is still a significant gender wage gap in Canada. Women earn on average $0.89 for every dollar earned by men. 

For certain groups of women – such as trans women, women with disabilities, Indigenous women, racialized women and newcomer women – the gap is even greater.

The Pay Equity Act protects about 1.3 million employees working for about 4,600 federally regulated employers with an average of 10 employees or more. These employers range from the private sector (e.g. banking, communications and transportation sectors), to the public sector (e.g. federal public service) and Parliamentary institutions (e.g. House of Commons and Senate). 

Achieving pay equity will help close the gender wage gap and contribute to Canada’s social and economic development.  

To achieve pay equity, employers must work proactively to develop a pay equity plan within three years. The Act establishes a collaborative process whereby many employers will need to establish a pay equity committee to do the work. 

The Pay Equity Act will come into force on August 31, 2021. 

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